The most common variety of custody after divorce is co-parenting. In a co-parenting situation, both parents share equal legal and physical custody of children.
However, in certain circumstances a judge may award one parent sole custody of children and another parent has visitation rights instead of custodial ones. Depending on the circumstances, both supervised and unsupervised visitation are options. According to Findlaw, supervised visitation is when visitation with a parent needs to be supervised; this is to protect the child.
Why is visitation supervised?
The courts will specifically order supervised visitation if the non-custodial parent has a risk of being dangerous to the child. This is most common in situations where the non-custodial parent has a history of violence or substance abuse.
Even if one parent has a troubled past, generally the court sees it as advantageous for children to maintain relationships with the parent on some level. In a supervised visitation, the parent and child may not be alone together.
Who can be the second adult involved in visitation?
The second adult involved in visitation visits can be a variety of people. If both parents are okay with a certain individual they know filling this position, then this is a viable option. However, the courts will need to interview and then vet any individual prior to participating in supervised visitation.
If there is nobody that is suitable for the task, the courts may appoint somebody to hold this position. In some cases, visitation may happen at a specific location that is constantly monitored to help protect the child and ensure compliance.